The human resources (HR) function is at the center of most employers’ efforts to identify, hire and retain the people the organization needs to execute its strategy and achieve its goals. But the HR function is a key player within the organization’s compliance structure as well.
There are numerous laws and regulations governing the employment relationship that HR professionals must understand and navigate in order to help ensure their organizations avoid costly fines and other penalties, including the potential harm to the organization’s reputation.
Common examples of the types of laws regulating the employer-employee relationship include: the Fair Labor Standards Act, which establishes the minimum wage and rights to overtime pay for certain workers; federal civil rights laws, which prohibit employers from considering race, gender, age, or other “protected” status when making hiring and firing decisions or otherwise setting the terms and conditions of employment; the Family and Medical Leave Act (FMLA),which grants certain employees the right to take up to twelve weeks of unpaid leave each year in specific circumstances, as well as the right to be restored to the same or equivalent position upon returning from such leave; and the Uniform Services Employment and Reemployment Rights Act (USERRA), which establishes certain rights and protections for employees who are called to active military duty.
In many organizations, the HR function also manages the various compensation and benefit programs, which are heavily regulated as well. For private-sector organizations this means complying with the Employee Retirement Income Security Act’s (ERISA) reporting, disclosure, and fiduciary requirements, among other things. This is a task made more difficult by frequent, significant changes to ERISA and other relevant laws. The new Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (PPACA) is only the most recent example; it establishes more than two dozen new rules relating to employer-sponsored health benefits, including several that take effect beginning with the 2011 plan year.
Creating and Executing HR Compliance
Clearly, human resources (HR) compliance is essential for any organization to be successful in today’s legal environment. But achieving and maintaining compliance can be elusive goals for organizations that do not recognize the challenges and develop an effective strategy to meet them.
HR compliance should be treated as a process of defining both individual and group behaviors to ensure the organization’s applicable laws and policies are followed. The HR function must hire and retain individuals that are knowledgeable about HR specific laws and can create policies and procedures in relation to these laws. Just writing policies and procedures and placing them in a repository is not enough. Once established, they must be effectively communicated throughout the organization.
This is most likely to happen in cases where HR compliance has been integrated with the organization’s overall business strategy, and the organization’s leadership has taken steps to ensure all employees understand the importance of HR compliance. Here are five basic principles organizations should follow to help achieve these goals:
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About the Authors Robert B. Davis, is a Senior Manager at Deloitte Consulting LLP and specializes in employer-sponsored health and pension plans. Michael Carnovali is a Senior Manager at Deloitte Consulting LLP focusing in the governance, risk management and compliance arena. This publication contains general information only and is based on the experiences and research of Deloitte practitioners. Deloitte is not, by means of this publication, rendering business, financial, investment, or other professional advice or services. This publication is not a substitute for such professional advice or services, nor should it be used as a basis for any decision or action that may affect your business. Before making any decision or taking any action that may affect your business, you should consult a qualified professional advisor. Deloitte, its affiliates, and related entities shall not be responsible for any loss sustained by any person who relies on this publication. About Deloitte Deloitte refers to one or more of Deloitte Touche Tohmatsu Limited, a UK private company limited by guarantee, and its network of member firms, each of which is a legally separate and independent entity. Please see www.deloitte.com/about for a detailed description of the legal structure of Deloitte Touche Tohmatsu Limited and its member firms. Please see www.deloitte.com/us/about for a detailed description of the legal structure of Deloitte LLP and its subsidiaries.