This article was republished with permission from Michael Volkov’s blog, Corruption, Crime & Compliance.
I am not an “I told you so” person – frankly, it is a very unattractive character trait. I am more comfortable with the old adage, “even a broken clock is correct twice a day.” I fall into that category.
All the FCPA prognosticators, predictors and paparazzi have missed the boat on understanding what happened to make 2016 a record year in FCPA enforcement. As a former public servant for over 20 years, I am very familiar with the inner workings of the government, how it operates, how things can change. Much of the government is set in stone and no matter who is in power, it is very difficult to change.
Over the last decade, we have seen a number of trends in FCPA enforcement. The Justice Department has forged new and important relationships with global partners. The DOJ has consistently articulated a mission to defeat corruption, wherever and in whatever form it takes. No one can defend corrupt schemes and no one even tries to push back against the government’s initiative.
As part of this bipartisan, collective initiative in the government, and most especially at the DOJ, the government has allocated more resources to the FCPA Unit in the DOJ, and more prosecutors have been assisting from the U.S. Attorneys’ Offices. Add to that the rapid increase in FBI resources with the creation of three separate squads dedicated to fighting corruption, and that is why we are now standing at the finish of a record-setting year in FCPA enforcement.
I have always explained that when resources are allocated in the government for a specific purpose, then the result is bound to happen. Why? The FBI agents, DOJ prosecutors and AUSAs have to justify their existence and their assignment. FBI squads are measured by their performance: cases, impact and overall accomplishments. DOJ prosecutors build their own success stories by the cases they bring, the accomplishments they achieve and the ultimate success of the FCPA Unit as reflected in the numbers recorded.
In the new administration, you will be able to understand its priorities by the movement of resources. More prosecutors to terrorism cases will result in more cases being brought. We are unlikely to see any change in resources allocated to the FCPA Unit and, for that reason, the number of cases is likely to continue at a high rate like 2016.
Similarly, when the FBI modifies its allocation of resources, you will see changes in the number of cases ultimately brought by the DOJ. Government prosecutors work closely with the FBI to build cases, gather records, conduct undercover operations, interview witnesses and charge companies and individuals. In the FCPA context, we are witnessing the fruits of many years of hard work by prosecutors and FBI agents. There is no reason to think that 2017 will be any different from 2016 in terms of FCPA cases.
Case numbers can go up and down each year depending on the number of cases in the pipeline and where they are in the prosecution stages. The year 2015 was an anomaly because of specific directives from the DOJ’s criminal division to refine the prosecution of FCPA cases, resulting in the adoption of the FCPA Pilot Program.
As we move forward, I see more changes on the horizon. Most especially in the area of government expectations of companies relating to ethics and compliance programs. Companies should take heed of this trend and redouble their efforts when it comes to compliance. The list of basic requirements for an effective compliance program has evolved and will continue to do so. I will outline these changing expectations in future postings. For now, CCOs have to be mindful of the new era of FCPA enforcement and the need to mitigate enforcement risks by implementing an effective ethics and compliance program.
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Michael Volkov is the CEO of The Volkov Law Group LLC, where he provides compliance, internal investigation and white collar defense services. He can be reached at firstname.lastname@example.org. His practice focuses on white collar defense, corporate compliance, internal investigations, and regulatory enforcement matters. He is a former federal prosecutor with almost 30 years of experience in a variety of government positions and private practice.
Michael maintains a well-known blog: Corruption Crime & Compliance which is frequently cited by anti-corruption professionals and professionals in the compliance industry.Michael has extensive experience representing clients on matters involving the Foreign Corrupt Practices Act, the UK Bribery Act, money laundering, Office of Foreign Asset Control (OFAC), export controls, sanctions and International Traffic in Arms, False Claims Act, Congressional investigations, online gambling and regulatory enforcement issues.
Michael has assisted clients with design and implementation of compliance programs to reduce risk and respond to global and US enforcement programs.
Michael has built a strong reputation for his practical and comprehensive compliance strategies.Michael served for more than 17 years as a federal prosecutor in the U.S. Attorney’s Office in the District of Columbia; for 5 years as the Chief Crime and Terrorism Counsel for the Senate Judiciary Committee, and Chief Crime, Terrorism and Homeland Security Counsel for the Senate and House Judiciary Committees; and as a Trial Attorney in the Antitrust Division of the U.S. Department of Justice.
Michael also has extensive trial experience and has been lead attorney in more than 75 jury trials, including some lasting more than six months. His clients have included corporations, officers, directors and professionals in, internal investigations and criminal and civil trials. He has handled a number of high-profile criminal cases involving a wide‐range of issues, including the FCPA and compliance matters, environmental crimes, and antitrust cartel investigations in countries all around the world.