Warning: this article may upset some conservative risk managers.
Risk management in modern nonfinancial companies is very different compared to, say, five years ago. The level of risk management maturity, for lack of a better word, has grown significantly.
As more and more companies across the globe are looking to implement robust risk management, the demand for risk management consultants is also growing. Unfortunately, not all risk consultants are able to generate long-term value for their clients. Here are three reasons why:
Nonfinancial companies want to buy, and many risk consultants continue to sell risk assessments, risk management frameworks, risk appetite statements and risk profiles. What do all these products have in common? I am being intentionally provocative here, so I will say all these products are missing the point completely. One thing they have in common: they are designed to measure, capture or document risks, making us all believe that risks and their mitigation are the ultimate goals of the exercise.
Over the years, this tendency to treat risk management as a separate, standalone (some go as far as to say independent) process with its own inputs (data, interviews, experts) and outputs (risk reports, risk matrices, risk registers) created a whole community of risk consultants who seem to be missing the point completely. Risk management is not really about dealing with risks; risk management is about helping companies achieve their objectives and make better decisions.
OK, sometimes it may be useful to capture risks for the sake of risks and discuss them with the management team, but this should be more an exception than a norm.
So if risk management is not about risk assessments or risks, then what?
I believe that risk management is ultimately about changing how companies make decisions and operate with risks in mind.
The two modern trends in risk management by far are: 1) integration into business processes / decision-making and 2) human and cultural factors. Yet it seems most of the modern risk consultants completely ignore both of them. For example:
Join the discussion in the G31000 group dedicated to ISO31000:2009 to find out more about the latest trends in risk management. As strange as it may sound, many risk consultants still have not read the ISO31000:2009 or are unaware of the changes happening to the most popular risk management standard worldwide (officially translated and adopted in 65+ countries and currently being updated by 200+ experts from around the world).
The reality is, most risk management consultants sell completely wrong products. Management doesn’t care about risks, they care about making decisions that will hold in court, making money and meeting KPIs. No wonder modern risk management is mainly lip service.
The funny thing is that corporate risk managers make exactly the same mistakes. They, too, need to show value from risk management and fail to do so by focusing on risks (their domain) instead of business processes or decisions (business domain).
Did you know that unlike many other ISO standards, the ISO31000:2009 is not intended for the purpose of certification? This was a conscious decision made by the people working on the standard at the time. It is a guidance document.
Risk management is just not black and white. For example, risk management is about integrating into decision-making and business processes, but every organisation will find its unique way of doing so.
Many consultants make a huge mistake in insisting on a single version of the truth. Nonfinancial regulators or government agencies make an even bigger mistake by taking guidelines and making them compulsory. Like COSO:ERM in the U.S., a bad document made obligatory for listed companies. Read more about the new COSO:ERM here.
By far the best way to assess risk management effectiveness is by applying a risk management maturity model. Just keep in mind that most existing maturity models were created by consultants who miss the big picture (see point 1).
One of my good friends, Anna Korbut, said an interesting thing a few years ago: “Risk management is a very intimate affair.” I liked this phrase, so I’ve used it ever since. Risk management truly is intimate and unique. Working in risk management for over 13 years in four different countries, I have seen close to 300 risk management implementations, and yet every single one was unique in some way.
Unfortunately, many consultants fail to dig deep enough to see how risk management is really implemented into organisational processes and into the overall culture of the organisation.
Risk management goes against human nature (see research by D.Kahnemann and A.Tversky), so most of the time, risk managers use techniques that are borderline neurolinguistic programming or building an internal intelligence network. Here are just two examples:
The key takeaway is this: unless specifically asked, most risk managers will never disclose how they really build risk management culture within the organisation or how they integrate risk analysis into the business. According to ISO31000:2009, risk management is comprised of coordinated activities to direct and control an organization with regard to risk. It consists of about a thousand small things risk managers do on a daily basis, most of which may not directly relate to risk. Yet it is those small things that build risk management culture within the organisation. Unfortunately, most risk consultants are quick to jump to conclusions and do not bother to dig deep enough to see all the nuances.
Risk management in every company is unique; it is the risk consultant’s job to figure out how it all comes together to build a better risk-based organisation.
P.S., Remember: if your consultant is showing signs of any of the above, it’s time to have an honest chat with him/her.
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Alex Sidorenko is an expert with over 13 years of strategic, innovation, risk and performance management experience across Australia, Russia, Poland and Kazakhstan. In 2014, Alex was named the Risk Manager of the Year by the Russian Risk Management Association.
As a Board member of the Institute for Strategic Risk Analysis in Decision Making (ISAR), Alex is responsible for risk management training and certification (including creating exams) across Russia and CIS, running numerous risk management classroom and e-learning training programs. Alex represents Russian risk management community at the ISO Technical Committee 262 and has been responsible for the update of ISO31000:20XX and Guide 73 since 2015.
Alex is the co-author of the global PwC risk management methodology, the author of the risk management guidelines for SME (Russian standardization organization), risk management textbook (Russian Ministry of Finance), risk management guide (Australian Stock Exchange) and the award-winning training course on risk management (best risk education program 2013, 2014 and 2015).
In 2012, Alex created Risk-Academy, a web portal dedicated to free risk management training for SME across Russia and CIS.
Alex worked as a Head of Risk Management at RUSNANO, one of the largest private equity funds in Russia, specializing in technology investment. Alex won an award for best ERM implementation at RUSNANO in 2014.
Prior to that, Alex worked in senior risk roles at Skolkovo Foundation, Strategy Partners, PwC and Deloitte.
Alex recently published his second risk management book, called “Effective Risk Management 2.0.” Alex also regularly presents at risk management conferences in Russia and Europe. In November 2012, Alex shot a series of TV programs dedicated to risk management in startups. Alex teaches risk management at major Russian business schools, including OpUS, Technopark Skolkovo, MIRBIS, MFUA, SKOLKOVO and USIB, as well as corporate universities, like Gazprom.
He has successfully completed his double bachelor’s degree in Risk Management and Econometrics at Monash University, Australia, winning the top risk management and statistics student award two years in a row.
More information can be found here: